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2017中国大学生程序设计竞赛 - 女生专场(dp)

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标签:limit   system   style   技术分享   class   field   accepted   nsis   1.4   

Building Shops 
Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 131072/131072 K (Java/Others) 
Total Submission(s): 701 Accepted Submission(s): 265

Problem Description 
HDU’s n classrooms are on a line ,which can be considered as a number line. Each classroom has a coordinate. Now Little Q wants to build several candy shops in these n classrooms.

The total cost consists of two parts. Building a candy shop at classroom i would have some cost ci. For every classroom P without any candy shop, then the distance between P and the rightmost classroom with a candy shop on P’s left side would be included in the cost too. Obviously, if there is a classroom without any candy shop, there must be a candy shop on its left side.

Now Little Q wants to know how to build the candy shops with the minimal cost. Please write a program to help him.

Input 
The input contains several test cases, no more than 10 test cases. 
In each test case, the first line contains an integer n(1≤n≤3000), denoting the number of the classrooms. 
In the following n lines, each line contains two integers xi,ci(?109≤xi,ci≤109), denoting the coordinate of the i-th classroom and the cost of building a candy shop in it. 
There are no two classrooms having same coordinate.

Output 
For each test case, print a single line containing an integer, denoting the minimal cost.

Sample Input 

1 2 
2 3 
3 4 

1 7 
3 1 
5 10 
6 1

Sample Output 

11

Source 
2017中国大学生程序设计竞赛 - 女生专场

题意: 
有n个教室,现在想在这n个教室中建一些超市,问你最少费用为多少? 
费用分为两种: 
1:在第i个教室建超市,费用因为ci 
2:没有建超市的教室的费用为它和它左边最接近的超市的坐标之间的距离

#include <iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<string>
#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cmath>
#include<deque>
#define ll long long
#define inf 0x3f3f3f3f
using namespace std;
struct node
{
    ll x;
    ll c;
}a[3005];
bool cmp(node x,node y)
{
    return x.x<y.x;
}
ll dp[3005];
//dp[i]表示只考虑前i个教室 的最优解
ll dp2[3005];
//dp2[i]表示 第i个固定条件下,前i个的最优解
ll s[3005];
int main()
{
    int n;
    while(~scanf("%d",&n))
    {
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%lld %lld",&a[i].x,&a[i].c);
            
        }
        sort(a+1,a+n+1,cmp);
        memset(dp,inf,sizeof(dp));
        memset(dp2,inf,sizeof(dp2));
        memset(s,0,sizeof(s));
        dp[0]=0;
        dp[1]=dp2[1]=a[1].c;
        int pp=a[1].x;
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            a[i].x-=pp;
            s[i]=a[i].x+s[i-1];
        }
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            dp2[i]=dp[i-1]+a[i].c;
            //第i个固定条件下,前i个的最优解
            for(int j=1;j<=i;j++)
            {
                dp[i]=min(dp[i],dp2[j]+s[i]-s[j]-(i-j)*a[j].x);
            }
        }
        printf("%lld\n",dp[n]);
    }
    return 0;
}

 

 

Building Shops

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 131072/131072 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 2728    Accepted Submission(s): 936


Problem Description
HDU’s n技术分享图片 classrooms are on a line ,which can be considered as a number line. Each classroom has a coordinate. Now Little Q wants to build several candy shops in these n技术分享图片 classrooms.

The total cost consists of two parts. Building a candy shop at classroom i技术分享图片 would have some cost c技术分享图片i技术分享图片技术分享图片 . For every classroom P技术分享图片 without any candy shop, then the distance between P技术分享图片 and the rightmost classroom with a candy shop on P技术分享图片 ‘s left side would be included in the cost too. Obviously, if there is a classroom without any candy shop, there must be a candy shop on its left side.

Now Little Q wants to know how to build the candy shops with the minimal cost. Please write a program to help him.
 

 

Input
The input contains several test cases, no more than 10 test cases.
In each test case, the first line contains an integer n(1n3000)技术分享图片 , denoting the number of the classrooms.
In the following n技术分享图片 lines, each line contains two integers x技术分享图片i技术分享图片,c技术分享图片i技术分享图片(?10技术分享图片9技术分享图片x技术分享图片i技术分享图片,c技术分享图片i技术分享图片10技术分享图片9技术分享图片)技术分享图片 , denoting the coordinate of the i技术分享图片 -th classroom and the cost of building a candy shop in it.
There are no two classrooms having same coordinate.
 

 

Output
For each test case, print a single line containing an integer, denoting the minimal cost.
 

 

Sample Input
3 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 1 7 3 1 5 10 6 1
 

 

Sample Output
5 11
 

 

Source
 

 

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2017中国大学生程序设计竞赛 - 女生专场(dp)

标签:limit   system   style   技术分享   class   field   accepted   nsis   1.4   

原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/caiyishuai/p/9073653.html

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