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Postgres 连接数过多 psql: FATAL: sorry, too many clients already

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标签:连接数   postgres   过多   

    今天开发找到我,说他们的数据库连接不上了,可能是连接数太多,然后我登录到服务器,并且尝试登陆数据库,也是报错:

psql: FATAL:  sorry, too many clients already

很明显,是数据库连接满了。于是查看一下数据库连接进程:

[postgres@ec2s-autodenalicontentpoi-01 ~]$ ps -ef |grep postgres

postgres  3406 18212  0 00:35 ?        00:01:00 postgres: denaliadmin region_na 172.16.60.16(51976) idle

postgres  4221 18212  0 01:09 ?        00:00:03 postgres: denaliadmin region_anz 10.66.40.44(61006) idle

postgres  4223 18212  0 01:09 ?        00:00:00 postgres: denaliadmin region_anz 10.66.40.44(61009) idle

postgres  4390 18212  0 01:16 ?        00:00:00 postgres: denaliadmin region_sa 10.66.40.46(63779) idle

postgres  4391 18212  0 01:16 ?        00:00:00 postgres: denaliadmin region_sa 10.66.40.46(63784) idle

postgres  5587 18212  0 02:04 ?        00:00:00 postgres: denaliadmin postgres 172.16.60.16(53018) idle

postgres  5782 18212  2 02:13 ?        00:01:29 postgres: denaliadmin region_sa 10.189.101.98(40704) idle

postgres  5793 18212  1 02:13 ?        00:01:06 postgres: denaliadmin region_sa 10.189.101.98(40705) idle

postgres  5794 18212  1 02:13 ?        00:01:10 postgres: denaliadmin region_sa 10.189.101.98(40706) idle

......


为了能够登录数据库,只有kill掉一些处于idle状态的进程,再使用超级用户登录

$ kill  4223 

然后就可以进到数据库中通过select * from pg_stat_activity where state=‘idle‘;来查到哪些进程处于空闲,然后批量kill.


下面个人总结了一些关于PostgreSQL的连接控制:

max_connections

#数据库最大连接数


superuser_reserved_connections

#数据库预留给超级用户的连接数


Note:

如果max_connections=8,superuser_reserved_connections=3,

前面5次无论我使用什么用户登录都算普通用户登录次数,比如我先用超级用户postgres连续登陆5次,保持连接,第6次用普通用户是无法登陆,但是用超级用户是可以登录的。


测试过程

#设置参数大小

postgres=# show max_connections ;

max_connections

-----------------

8

postgres=# show superuser_reserved_connections;

superuser_reserved_connections

--------------------------------

3


#使用普通用户cdhu1和cdhu2连接数据库,连续开多个会话,查看连接数正好5个

testdb1=> select datid,datname,pid,usesysid,usename,application_name,client_addr,client_port,state,query from  pg_stat_activity;

datid | datname |  pid  | usesysid | usename | application_name |   client_addr   | client_port | state  |                                                         query                                                          

-------+---------+-------+----------+---------+------------------+-----------------+-------------+--------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

16615 | testdb1 | 60240 |    16642 | cdhu2   | psql             |                 |             |        | <insufficient privilege>

16615 | testdb1 | 60165 |    16638 | cdhu1   | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58292 | active | select datid,datname,pid,usesysid,usename,application_name,client_addr,client_port,state,query from  pg_stat_activity;

16615 | testdb1 | 60180 |    16638 | cdhu1   | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58293 | idle   | select current_database();

16615 | testdb1 | 60194 |    16638 | cdhu1   | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58294 | idle   | select current_database();

16615 | testdb1 | 60196 |    16642 | cdhu2   | psql             |                 |             |        | <insufficient privilege>


#当再次使用普通用户连接数据库的时候报错,说明最多可以使用5个普通用户连接数据库,保留三个超级用户连接:

Darren2:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql/data:>psql -U cdhu2 -d testdb1 -h 192.168.163.101

Password for user cdhu2:

psql: FATAL:  remaining connection slots are reserved for non-replication superuser connections


#当用超级用户postgres可以连接,并且最多只能再连接3个超级用户了

Darren1:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql/data:>psql -h192.168.163.101 -Upostgres -d postgres

postgres=# select datid,datname,pid,usesysid,usename,application_name,client_addr,client_port,state,query from  pg_stat_activity;

datid | datname  |  pid  | usesysid | usename  | application_name |   client_addr   | client_port | state  |                                                         query                                                          

-------+----------+-------+----------+----------+------------------+-----------------+-------------+--------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

16615 | testdb1  | 60240 |    16642 | cdhu2    | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58299 | idle   |

16615 | testdb1  | 60165 |    16638 | cdhu1    | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58292 | idle   | select current_user;

16615 | testdb1  | 60180 |    16638 | cdhu1    | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58293 | idle   | select current_database();

16615 | testdb1  | 60194 |    16638 | cdhu1    | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58294 | idle   | select current_database();

16615 | testdb1  | 60196 |    16642 | cdhu2    | psql             | 192.168.163.102 |       58295 | idle   | select current_database();

13269 | postgres | 60467 |       10 | postgres | psql             | 192.168.163.101 |       53674 | active | select datid,datname,pid,usesysid,usename,application_name,client_addr,client_port,state,query from  pg_stat_activity;


#如果连接全部打满,无论使用什么用户都连接不上,并报错

Darren2:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql/data:>psql -U postgres -d testdb1 -h 192.168.163.101

psql: FATAL:  sorry, too many clients already


#可以从系统层面看到连接,共8个连接,PostgreSQL的每个会话连接对应每个系统进程

Darren1:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql:>ps -ef|grep postgres

...... 

postgres  60165  60127  0 18:53 ?        00:00:00 postgres: cdhu1 testdb1 192.168.163.102(58292) idle

postgres  60180  60127  0 18:53 ?        00:00:00 postgres: cdhu1 testdb1 192.168.163.102(58293) idle in transaction

postgres  60194  60127  0 18:54 ?        00:00:00 postgres: cdhu1 testdb1 192.168.163.102(58294) idle

postgres  60196  60127  0 18:54 ?        00:00:00 postgres: cdhu2 testdb1 192.168.163.102(58295) idle

postgres  60240  60127  0 18:55 ?        00:00:00 postgres: cdhu2 testdb1 192.168.163.102(58299) idle

postgres  60467  60127  0 19:00 ?        00:00:00 postgres: postgres postgres 192.168.163.101(53674) idle

postgres  60568  60127  0 19:02 ?        00:00:00 postgres: postgres postgres [local] idle

postgres  60583  60127  0 19:02 ?        00:00:00 postgres: postgres postgres [local] idle


当连接打满了,超级用户也无法登陆数据的时候怎么办?

(1)在系统层面kill其中一个idle进程,然后使用超级用户登录可以使用pg_terminate_backend(pid)断开连接

Darren1:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql:>kill 60467  

postgres=# select pg_terminate_backend(61825);

pg_terminate_backend

----------------------

t

(2)在系统层面kill -9其中一个进程时,全部的连接都会断开,所以慎重使用

Darren1:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql:>kill -9 60240

postgres=# select datid,datname,pid,usesysid,usename,application_name,client_addr,client_port,state,query from  pg_stat_activity;

WARNING:  terminating connection because of crash of another server process

DETAIL:  The postmaster has commanded this server process to roll back the current transaction and exit, because another server process exited abnormally and possibly corrupted shared memory.

HINT:  In a moment you should be able to reconnect to the database and repeat your command.

server closed the connection unexpectedly

    This probably means the server terminated abnormally

    before or while processing the request.

The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded.

(3)重启数据库

Darren1:postgres:/usr/local/pgsql:>pg_ctl restart

本文出自 “10979687” 博客,请务必保留此出处http://10989687.blog.51cto.com/10979687/1976519

Postgres 连接数过多 psql: FATAL: sorry, too many clients already

标签:连接数   postgres   过多   

原文:http://10989687.blog.51cto.com/10979687/1976519

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